Dry eyes: causes, treatment, tips & eye drops

A stinging, burning sensation in the eyes is a common eye problem among people who work a lot at the PC or laptop. Additional symptoms include itching, irritability and pain. Dry eyes can have both internal and external causes, such as an allergy, an eye infection or wearing contact lenses. Long-term work at the computer or frequent use of a smartphone can also lead to this irritating eye problem. Moisturizing eye drops or a soothing eye cream usually provide relief from the symptoms. What other tips can be useful to treat stinging, dry eyes?

Stinging, dry eyes

The phenomenon of so-called “dry eyes” is chronic and occurs in quite a few people. This is a phenomenon whereby insufficient tear fluid is produced or where the tear fluid is of poor quality. This causes the eyes to become dry and you may have the feeling that your eyes are stinging or that there is sand in your eyes.

Reduced visibility possible

Because the surface of the eyes is not sufficiently moistened, the eyes can also become itchy. With advancing age, the risk of dry eyes increases. This condition should not be underestimated, because in the long term it can lead to eye pain , hypersensitivity to light and even a reduction in vision. Eyes are very delicate parts of the body that must be handled with care. If you experience unusual eye symptoms, it is best to ensure efficient treatment of the problem.

Additional symptoms

Having dry eyes can be accompanied by a lot of other symptoms. For example, some people speak of a burning sensation in the eyes, where everything feels irritated. With dry eyes you can also become extra sensitive to light and have trouble seeing lights in a dark environment, such as when driving a car at night. People with dry eyes also often complain of eyes that become tired quickly. If there is too little tear fluid production, eyes can also stick together more easily.

Causes of dry eyes


Usually the cause is insufficient production of tear fluid, which causes dryness in the eye. In addition, clogged tear glands can lead to a weak supply of tear fluid. Hormonal changes in menopausal women are also a culprit, as is aging in general. Finally, an underlying condition (e.g. eyelid inflammation), an allergy or eye damage can also be the cause of dry eyes.


External causes are in the same line as the factors that cause tired eyes. Reading for long periods of time, working behind a computer or laptop and doing strenuous work are the best examples of this. Constant use of your smartphone also makes your eyes tired and dry. But irritating conditions can also play a role, such as smoke development, dry air that is spread (e.g. by air conditioning) and polluted air. You should also always pay attention to the influence of contact lenses and the side effects of certain medications.

Treatment and tips

General tips

You can also remedy and prevent dry eyes using the following tips:

  • provide fresh air in your room
  • avoid excessively dry air (e.g. by excessive use of air conditioning in the room)
  • avoid prolonged and intense use of the eyes (such as when working on the PC or reading)
  • Blink your eyes regularly: this is good for moistening the eyes with tears
  • set the screen of your PC to the ideal height; this avoids unnecessary strain on your eyes
  • avoid contact lenses if possible

Eye drops

It is recommended that the cause of your dry eyes be determined by a GP or ophthalmologist. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe an appropriate treatment, which will usually consist of administering moisturizing eye drops or a soothing eye cream or ointment. Another option is to use an eye spray if you find it too difficult to put eye drops in your eye. These products will quickly reduce eye irritation.
Some examples of these products:

  • Optrex Actimist eye drops
  • Similasan Optimoist eye drops
  • Opticalm Lipomyst eye spray

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