Back pain: what are the physical and personal causes?

Having back problems can have many causes. The back must transfer loads from above to the hips and legs, while it must also absorb impact loads from walking in the spine. Several conditions or inflammations can cause the back to function less well. Usually it concerns a painful lower back or lumbago problems. Sometimes it can affect the entire back. What are the causes of back pain?


  • Stress
  • What’s the attitude like?
  • Obesity and muscle disorders
  • Too salty diet and spit
  • Overload
  • Hernia
  • Bekhterev’s disease
  • Other radiating back pain


Work pressure, a busy life, raising children and the fear of being fired cause people to have too much tension. As a result, serotonin is used excessively. Body satisfaction decreases, with acid levels increasing. This can cause temporary, but also persistent muscle pain anywhere in the body and can also occur as a severe cramp in the back. It is necessary to avoid stress factors and relax sufficiently. In addition, it may be important to promote the production of serotonin by taking tryptophan and deacidifying.

What’s the attitude like?

In addition to stress, posture is a second, very important reason why people have back pain. Due to unequal leg length, hollow soles, incorrect walking or crooked hips, the spine becomes out of alignment. In other words, problems elsewhere cause the person to relate. The muscles in the back are disproportionately loaded, which often causes back problems on one side. In addition, it can also have an effect on the neck, because it also has to tolerate incorrect tension. It can lead to muscle tension headaches. Correction of the position with, for example, insoles offers good results.

Obesity and muscle disorders

People with a normal BMI ratio are less likely to suffer from back problems. Being overweight means that you have to carry much more weight than normal through your back. With every step the impact will have to be absorbed by the spine. In addition, being fat can mean that one starts to overweight, causing additional muscle problems. The vertebra can also end up in an unnatural bend because too much weight is hanging on it. So losing weight is important.

Too salty diet and spit

Holding the urine for too long, but a malfunctioning kidney can also cause back problems. Especially due to a diet that is too salty, the kidney can dry out and cramp. Because the kidneys are embedded in the lower back muscles, those muscles will become tight. This can already cause muscle problems in the lower back. The relevant muscles are connected to the first to third vertebrae. The intervertebral disc can be partially dislocated. The nerves come under local tension, causing pain to radiate into the back. In addition, it can lead to an itchy thigh down to the knee. By avoiding salty food (such as microwave meals), coffee and alcohol in combination with sufficient water intake, the condition can disappear spontaneously. A stimulating lower back massage can also help.


Due to intensive sports, but also carrying too much weight during work, the spine can be overloaded. Normally the vertebra can absorb some weight because it has reasonable resilience. But that certainly has its limits. The combination of incorrect posture and excess weight (where overload occurs regularly) can cause a lot of damage to the back. This may involve damage to muscles, the softer intervertebral vertebrae or the vertebrae themselves. The greater and longer the load, the greater the impact of the damage. Usually the intervertebral discs will pop out, causing a hernia.


Strictly speaking, a hernia can occur in all intervertebral discs. It causes nerves to come under pressure, causing problems elsewhere in the body. In addition, it also radiates locally into the back, which can result in mild to severe back pain (resulting in immobility). In addition, it can lead to a tingling or painful lower leg. The hernia often occurs between the third and fifth vertebrae. The nerves leading from there end in the lower legs, which can also cause complaints there. A hernia of these intervertebral vertebrae almost always needs to be corrected with surgery.

Bekhterev’s disease

In the case of ankylosing spondylitis, inflammation occurs in the lower vertebrae. This condition will gradually progress until the entire spine is affected. The back becomes motionless, which also makes muscles ineffective. It leads to pain throughout the back, and the hips and shoulders are also affected. Because it is an autoimmune disease, it must be treated with immune and anti-inflammatory medication.

Other radiating back pain

In addition to the previous reasons, there are other reasons why the back has painful complaints. For example, consider the following causes:

  • a fracture: both a vertebra and ribs can be broken. It will often apply following a serious accident, because heavy bones are involved;
  • menstruation: with anemia, menstruation can cause severe cramps, with the pain radiating to the surrounding tissue;
  • bladder, kidney infection or kidney congestion: because people suffer from a bladder infection for a long time, it can worsen into a kidney infection. It leads to fatigue, stomach and back problems. In kidney disease, the organ’s function gradually decreases. It often occurs in people over 70;
  • overloaded SI joint: the connection between the hips and sacrum can become overloaded due to heavy work, pregnancy, obesity or too much exercise. It causes pain in the hips, back, groin and legs;
  • damaged pelvic floor: after birth, the woman should do sufficient exercises to allow the pelvic floor to recover sufficiently. However, it can lead to a tight or loose pelvic floor. It can have painful consequences for the lower abdomen and back;
  • inflamed trochanter: this is the side of the leg where the hips and glutes hurt. It can radiate to the lower back. The pain in the leg is often predominant and can lead to a so-called staggering gait.

Depending on the complaints, be treated properly. Sometimes certain things can be corrected with useful interventions, so that the back problems disappear. If it persists, always have a medical check-up.

read more

  • Pain in the groin, legs and back due to overloaded SI joint
  • Pain in the lower back (lumbar) due to kidney problems
  • Ankylosing spondylitis: inflammatory back pain upon waking
  • Broken back: spine fracture, recovery or legs paralyzed
  • Sacralization: low back pain due to deformity of the lumbar vertebra