What is erysipelas and how is it treated?

Dandruff is a serious infectious disease. The infection causes the skin to turn red. It is often treated with antibiotics.

Dandruff, how can you get it?

Dandruff is caused by bacteria; staphylococci and streptococci. You have a wound on your skin, for example a scrape, a pimple, or a burn, and the bacteria then enter through the wound. Dandruff is usually on the leg, and often only on one leg. But it can also occur on the arms. The skin becomes red, painful, thick and warm, and sometimes blisters appear. People with diabetes or heart failure are especially likely to develop erysipelas.

What can you do about it yourself?

If the patient has erysipelas on the leg, it is recommended to walk and stand as little as possible. Give your leg a rest and raise the leg a little higher. Dandruff on the leg is more common in people with fluid in the legs, diabetes or heart failure. For erysipelas on the arm, a sling is often recommended so that the inflammation can rest. It is important that the bacteria does not spread, because erysipelas is contagious. Do not scratch the wound, try to stay away from it as much as possible. This is often difficult, because erysipelas can be quite itchy. Always use your own towel and ensure that fellow residents do not use this towel.

It is important to take action if you think you have erysipelas. Untreated erysipelas can lead to blood poisoning. Good treatment is therefore very important for erysipelas!

How do you react to erysipelas?

Patients with erysipelas feel ill. Fever, chills, nausea and in some cases vomiting. The doctor often prescribes antibiotics. In worse cases, patients are admitted to hospital until the fever and redness subside. And these patients are often placed on an IV and given antibiotics through the IV. If the patient has erysipelas on the leg and the redness and swelling have almost disappeared, it is sometimes wise to wear an elastic stocking for the first few weeks. This will then be measured.

Tips to prevent erysipelas

  • Provide good hand and nail care, keep nails short, and apply cream to your hands daily.
  • Try to prevent insect bites, wear gloves when you are working in the garden, for example.
  • Wear gloves when doing housework and gardening.
  • If a wound does occur, disinfect it immediately.


Dandruff is always treated with antibiotics. Most doctors prescribe penicillin antibiotics, but not everyone can tolerate penicillin. Another drug is linezolid. This medicine prevents the bacteria from making proteins.