Heavy legs? Tips to prevent thrombosis and phlebitis

Having a painful and heavy feeling in the legs can indicate several underlying causes, such as obesity, pregnancy or a lack of exercise. Essentially it involves an accumulation of blood in the veins due to poor blood circulation. Heavy legs can lead to thrombosis: this is the formation of a blood clot in your vein. This can cause phlebitis or vein inflammation in the leg. What can you do about heavy legs and how can you prevent thrombosis and phlebitis?

Heavy legs: symptoms and causes

The causes of feeling heaviness in the legs can be multiple. The essential problem is reduced blood circulation in the legs. Your legs and possibly your feet will feel heavy and sluggish because too much blood builds up. The blood is not sufficiently pumped back to the top of the body by the leg muscles. These symptoms can occur in obese people, pregnant women, athletes after physical exertion, or people who have to sit or stand still for a long time.

What is a thrombosis?

Blood clot

One of the possible consequences that heavy legs can lead to is the development of thrombosis. Thrombosis is a medical term for the occurrence of a blood clot. Blood clots can occur when blood clots in a vein. This is a risk that can be associated with feeling heavy legs and should certainly be carefully checked by a doctor. Preventing blood clots is essential if you are prone to poor blood circulation.

Pain in the legs

A blood clot can cause severe pain in the leg, but that pain can also be temporary. That is precisely why this must be handled very carefully. Having a blood clot is a potentially life-threatening situation, because the blood clot can travel through your body and settle in your lungs or in your brain. In that case, the consequences could be a pulmonary embolism or a cerebral infarction.

Phlebitis in the leg

Blood blocked

The occurrence of thrombosis can quickly cause inflammation of the vein in which the blood clot is located. The medical term for this is phlebitis. This phlebitis means that the blood clot blocks the passage of blood. The blood circulation is therefore blocked where the clot is located.

Superficial or deep venous phlebitis

The vein inflammation can be superficial (superficial phlebitis) or deep (deep venous phlebitis): this means that the inflammation is located in a small or a deeper vein, respectively. Especially in the latter case, there is a risk of complications in the lungs or brain because the blood clot can move through the body. In this case, urgent medical treatment is required: the patient will be treated with blood-thinning injections.

Tips to avoid thrombosis

To avoid developing a thrombosis with phlebitis in your legs, it is recommended to pay attention to a few things. These tips can be helpful in preventing blood clots and possible life-threatening complications.

Compression stocking

A compression stocking can be very useful to combat heavy legs because it promotes blood circulation. This type of stocking – also called support stocking – exerts pressure on the veins so that they are stimulated to transport blood. This means you will be less likely to suffer from a heavy, tired feeling in your lower legs. A compression stocking is not only worn by people with blood circulation problems, but athletes are also increasingly seeing its usefulness. Muscle recovery will be smoother and your general fitness will only improve.

Gel or cream

Supporting veins
Applying a balm, gel or cream to the legs can help prevent heavy, tired legs. Some balms are aimed at better blood circulation, which will make your legs feel less heavy. An example of this is the Hirudoid leg cream . Hirudoid is a well-known cream that supports the veins and is often recommended for problems with blood flow.

Against pain
Another option is to apply a gel that has positive effects on the muscles and at the same time has a pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effect. Some examples of this are:

  • Ibuprofen gel
  • Voltaren Emulgel

Other tips

  • avoid sitting and standing still for long periods of time
  • exercise enough
  • avoid tight clothing
  • avoid alcohol and coffee: these dehydrate the body
  • drink plenty of mineral water: this increases the oxygen level in your blood
  • only take an anticoagulant if necessary

read more

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