Preventing baby food allergies: nutrition and other tips

Cow’s milk allergy is the most common food allergy in babies. In addition, allergies can develop at an early age to other foods such as soy, peanut, chicken egg or wheat. If your baby shows symptoms such as vomiting a lot, rash, refusing the bottle and severe colic, there is a chance that the cause is a food allergy. These often develop in the first year of life. However, scientists are learning more and more about preventing food allergies in babies and the role of a good diet.

Baby and food allergy

  • How does a food allergy develop in a newborn?
  • What can a baby be allergic to?
  • What symptoms can indicate a food allergy in a baby?
  • How can you prevent a food allergy in your baby?
  • Allergy and nutrition prevention

How does a food allergy develop in a newborn?

Parents are sometimes confronted with problems at an early age as a result of feeding their newborn. A food allergy often develops during the first year of life. The explanation for this lies in the fact that the gastrointestinal tract is very vulnerable as long as it is not yet fully grown. The openings in the intestinal wall in children are still relatively large every 1 year. Chunks of protein therefore penetrate the bloodstream more quickly, which promotes the development of a food allergy.

About 2 in 100 children have a cow’s milk allergy . If this is the case, you can have your child tested for antibodies. If these are not found, the problems usually do not last longer than a year. If antibodies are found, the problem may persist for longer. A cow’s milk allergy can therefore pass. Other allergies such as those to tree nuts, soy and peanut generally do not go away.

What can a baby be allergic to?

The most common food allergies in babies are:

  • Cow’s milk allergy
  • Chicken egg allergy
  • Soy allergy
  • Peanut allergy
  • Nut allergy
  • Fish allergy
  • Wheat allergy

What symptoms can indicate a food allergy in a baby?

The following symptoms are indicative (but not exclusively indicative of an allergy):

  • Vomit a lot
  • Cry a lot
  • Refusing the bottle
  • Spots / rash / atopic eczema
  • Hives
  • Edema (fluid retention)
  • Itch
  • (Severe) intestinal cramps / cramps / colic
  • Asthma/bronchitis
  • Stunted growth

How can you prevent a food allergy in your baby?

Heredity plays an important role in the development of food allergies – as well as other types of allergies. Some infants simply have a predisposition for this. However, whether complaints actually arise and if so, how severe the complaints become can certainly be influenced. As parents you can make a number of conscious choices to limit the risk of an allergy in general. The following tips are very useful:

  • Do not smoke or drink alcohol during pregnancy
  • Do not smoke near the baby, even after birth
  • Ventilate well and ensure a minimum amount of dust in the house
  • Use cotton sheets and blankets that are washable at 60 degrees Celsius
  • Growing up with pets from the age of 0 can contribute to the prevention of allergies

Allergy and nutrition prevention

In addition to tips related to the environment, you can also influence a lot through the choices you make regarding your child’s nutrition. Books have already been written about how breastfeeding is beneficial for the child and can minimize the risk of developing teething problems.

Scientists from the University of Southampton also discovered that following a specific diet pattern can also help. If the baby is given a combination of breastfeeding and solid food from week 17, this can largely protect them against joint allergies. Mothers often stop breastfeeding after starting solid food. According to the researchers, this appears to be unjustified. According to them, it is the components of breast milk that, as it were, teach the immune system to deal with solid food and that is why the combination is so important. The 17th week also appears to be the magic limit for introducing solid food. From that moment on, the gastrointestinal system can handle this better. The assumption that breastfeeding contributes to the prevention of food allergies is not supported by all scientists in this field.

read more

  • Allergy to fruit: apple, melon, banana and kiwi
  • Peanut allergy in children can be prevented
  • Moro reflex and the use of a swaddle
  • Baby milk based on goat’s milk: Nannycare, Kabrita, Biobim