Dementia: what is it and what are the symptoms?

Dementia is the collective name for more than fifty diseases that cause deterioration of the intellectual brain and functioning. It affects one in five people and is therefore a common disease. The deterioration eventually goes so far that one can even become incapacitated. Actions and/or decisions can then no longer be performed or monitored. How do you recognize dementia and can something be done about it? More information in this article.

  • What is dementia
  • The first symptoms of dementia
  • How does dementia develop?
  • What can be done about it?
  • Wilsonable
  • Dementia at a young age

What is dementia

Dementia means mental decline or despiritualization. Consciousness remains intact while at the same time various normal actions or habits become more difficult. Personality and behavioral changes occur and social skills decline. The result is that depression lurks around the corner. Ultimately, one will have to be cared for because it is no longer possible on its own. Family is often no longer recognized, which is of course one of the most difficult and sad side effects of the disease.

The first symptoms of dementia

  • The memory of something recent becomes more difficult
  • Carefully following a television broadcast
  • Following a conversation attentively
  • Keeping records does not work well
  • Making decisions is more difficult
  • Having difficulty orientating themselves
  • Having trouble finding the right word
  • Less control over emotions
  • Difficulty handling money

How does dementia develop?

Dementia can develop after a cerebral infarction or diseases such as Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, AIDS and OPS. It can also arise on its own. Of the many types of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease is the most well-known variant.

What can be done about it?

Research has shown that people benefit most from a familiar environment with few surprise elements. In this way the patient has a hold on to his life as it is at that moment. If the situation is no longer justified, transfer to a care institution will be necessary. The situation can be improved somewhat with medication or at least tried to prevent it from worsening. Good medicines are often available for the side effects of dementia such as anxiety or restlessness.


Because people ultimately become incapacitated and can therefore no longer arrange various matters themselves, it is wise to draw up a codicil in a timely manner with a possible declaration of intent. Then it can be properly arranged who will act as representative if necessary.

Dementia at a young age

Memory problems at a young age do not directly point to dementia. For example, someone with dementia not only forgets a person’s name, but at a certain point they can no longer remember their face. The symptoms of dementia are the same for both the elderly and young people, but in young people memory problems only develop later.
Below are a few symptoms in young people:

  • Difficult to keep an overview (at home or at work)
  • Mood swings and indifference
  • Finding it difficult to absorb new information
  • Difficulty absorbing and processing new information.
  • Behavioral changes such as lack of initiative
  • Difficulty finding words and reduced vocabulary