Diabetes: Do I have diabetes?

Diabetes, also known as diabetes, is becoming increasingly common. In the Netherlands, one million people have diabetes; at least a quarter of them are not aware of this. Not only the elderly can suffer from diabetes, but also young people. This may have to do with heredity, but often also with unhealthy lifestyle habits. Diabetes causes vague symptoms that can easily indicate other ailments. Diabetes is therefore not always easy to recognize. If you think you have diabetes, contact your doctor. Diabetes , also known as diabetes, is a disease in which something goes wrong with the production of insulin in the body. The hormone insulin regulates the amount of sugar in the body. In people with diabetes, too much sugar enters the blood, which can damage blood vessels. This makes diabetes patients more likely to develop cardiovascular disease. But people with diabetes also have an increased risk of depression. Diabetes is a chronic disease (and therefore cannot be cured).

Two types of diabetes

There are two types of diabetes:

  • In type 1, the body produces too little insulin. This form of diabetes often develops at a younger age. Heredity plays an important role in this.
  • In type 2, the body produces sufficient insulin, but this does not have the desired effect on the amount of sugar in the blood. The body seems more insensitive to insulin. Type 2 diabetes mainly occurs among the elderly, but can also occur in younger people. This usually has to do with an unhealthy lifestyle, but heredity also plays a role.

Symptoms of diabetes

In the Netherlands, approximately one million people have diabetes . About a quarter of them (250,000 people!) do not know they have diabetes. Diabetes is therefore not always easy to recognize . Complaints are often vague, can also indicate other conditions, and often occur slowly.

The following characteristics may indicate diabetes:

  • Dry mouth, always thirsty and frequent urination
  • Fatigue that cannot be explained
  • Red, burning eyes, blurred vision or double vision
  • Slowly healing wounds
  • Pain in the legs while walking and moving
  • Infections that keep coming back

Increased risk of diabetes

Certain factors can significantly increase the risk of diabetes . People who meet one or more of the following characteristics have an increased risk. The more characteristics are present, the greater the risk:

  • People who smoke
  • People whose parents, brothers or sisters have diabetes (due to heredity)
  • People who are overweight
  • People who have a lot of fat on their stomach
  • Women who have had gestational diabetes

Whether or not you have diabetes is not always easy to determine. If you suffer from various symptoms, this often indicates diabetes, but it can also be something else. If you belong to one of the risk groups, it is more likely that it is indeed diabetes.

If you want to know for sure whether you have diabetes and what you can do about it, consult your doctor or a specialist.