The medicinal power of black mulberry and white mulberry

The black mulberry is originally from southwestern Asia. Because the plant has been cultivated since time immemorial, it is not clear exactly where the tree, which can reach a height of 10 meters, originally grows. The plant has become naturalized in large parts of Asia and Europe due to its cultivation. The leaves of this plant fall off when mature and the edible black mulberry has black colored fruits that are reminiscent of blackberries or raspberries in appearance. In phytotherapy, both the fruit and leaves of this shrub are used for their medicinal properties. It is mainly used as a mouthwash for sore throats and canker sores and the leaf has blood sugar lowering properties, which can be used in people with type 2 diabetes. Please note! This article is written from the personal view of the author and may contain information that is not scientifically substantiated and/or in line with the general view.

Botanical drawing mulberry / Source: Public domain, Wikimedia Commons (PD)


  • Black mulberry as a culinary fruit
  • The mulberry in traditional Chinese medicine
  • Active substances
  • Medicinal effects of the mulberry
  • Medicinal effects of the mulberry leaf
  • Dose and safety

Black mulberry as a culinary fruit

The fruit of the black mulberry is tasty and edible. It can be eaten in large quantities without any problems. It is a tasty fruit in desserts. Jams are made from it. The fruits are also dried to use them outside the seasons. In dried form, together with raisins and goji berries, it is an excellent alternative and super healthy sweetener for a dessert or a homemade muesli breakfast. After drying, you can powder them to serve as an alternative sweetener in a dessert.

The white mulberry and the black mulberry have equivalent medicinal properties.

The mulberry in traditional Chinese medicine

Black mulberry has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for millennia. The white mulberry and the black mulberry have the same medicinal qualities. Multiple parts of the tree are used. A tea made from fresh or dried leaves is used as a medicine for elephantiasis. Tetanus is combated by drinking the sap of the tree along with sugar. The leaves have an antibacterial, diaphoretic, astringent, toothache-relieving and eye-healing effect. Mulberry leaf tea is drunk for colds, flu, eye infections and nosebleeds. The stems are a natural medicine against rheumatism and have a diuretic and blood pressure lowering effect. In addition, it is a tonic for the pectoral muscles or pectoral fins. A tincture of the bark is used to relieve toothache. Mulberry fruits have a positive effect on the kidneys and are used for incontinence, tinnitus, premature graying and constipation. The bark of the root is an ingredient of antitussive medicine. Mulberry root bark has a diuretic, expectorant and blood pressure lowering effect. It is used internally in the treatment of asthma, cough, bronchitis, edema, hypertension or high blood pressure and diabetes. The roots are harvested in winter and dried for later use. The root bark is an anthelmintic or wormicide. It will be

White mulberry tree that just lost its leaves / Source: Liné1, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-2.5)

used, among other things, to expel tapeworms.

In Latin, black mulberry is called Morus nigra . The white mulberry is called Morus alba . The Dutch name Mulberry comes directly from the Latin word ‘morus’. Nigra means ‘black’.

Alba means ‘white’.

Active substances

Only the fruit and leaves of the black mulberry are used for phytotherapeutic purposes. The fruit contains the following important ingredients: Natural sugars, organic acids such as malic acid and citric acid and pectin.

Medicinal effects of the mulberry

In phytotherapy, the mulberry fruit is used as follows:

  • One of the most common uses of mulberries in natural medicine is that they serve as a flavoring for other less pleasant natural medicines.
  • Mulberries are a weak laxative and are used for constipation in the elderly.
  • The mulberry fruits are used in a mouthwash drink to treat the following diseases: sore throat, oral mucosal inflammation and canker sores.
  • Fruits of the white mulberry tree / Source: Andre Abrahami, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-2.5)

The fruits promote coughing up mucus.

Medicinal effects of the mulberry leaf

In phytotherapy, mulberry leaf is used as follows:

  • Mulberry leaf can lower blood sugar levels, which is why it is prescribed for diabetes.
  • In addition, a mulberry leaf tea is drunk for its diaphoretic, antibacterial, diuretic and astringent effect.

Dose and safety

There are a few different ways to take mulberry as a herbal medicine. The mulberry is without danger. You can easily eat a lot of it. For the following applications, only the therapeutic dose must be used; it has no risk of side effects.

  • For mild constipation, a teaspoon of mulberry syrup is taken on an empty stomach.
  • For diabetes, blood sugar reduction : 30 to 50 drops of liquid extract of the leaves.

For other indications :

  • 40 drops of mother tincture three times a day.