The medicinal power of niaouli tree

The niaouli tree originally grows in Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, New Guinea, the Moluccas, Malaysia and Burma. The whitish bark of this tree looks as if it has several layers of paper on it. The niaouli tree can reach a height of 20 meters. This tree has medicinal purposes. The Aboriginal people have used the tree for centuries for its medicinal qualities and phytotherapy has adopted this method. An essential oil called niaouli oil is mainly used. As a herbal medicine, it is mainly used for bronchitis, colds, sore throat and vaginal inflammation. Please note! This article is written from the personal view of the author and may contain information that is not scientifically substantiated and/or in line with the general view.

Forest with niaouli trees / Source: Doug Beckers, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-2.0)


  • Traditional use of niaouli tree
  • Naming
  • Active substances
  • Niaouli oil for inflammatory diseases
  • Niaouli oil, tonic for the blood vessels
  • Niaouli oil for bile and liver
  • Dose and safety

Traditional use of niaouli tree

The original people of Australia, the Aboriginal people, used the tree for its medicinal properties. A tea from the aromatic leaves is brewed to provide relief from colds, headaches and a general feeling of illness. The paper is used for traditional cooking. Food was wrapped in the bark layers of the niaouli tree and then placed in an underground oven made of hot stones. After a few hours the food will be cooked without any soil on it. Furthermore, the aborigines drank the nectar from the flowers of the niaouli tree. The medicinal use of the Aboriginals has been followed in Western herbal therapy and other forms of natural medicine. The essential oil of the niaouli tree is used externally in herbal medicine to treat coughs, colds, neuralgia and rheumatic diseases.


The Latin name of niaouli tree is Melaleuca quinquenervia . In English the tree is called broad-leaved paper bark, which can be translated as broad-leaved paper bark. The bark of this tree has a papery appearance. In New Caledonia the ever-dwelling Melanesians called the tree Niaouli, which is where the tree’s other name comes from. In addition to the name niaouli tree, Dutch also has the name Echte niaouli.

The Melaleuca quinquenervia is also used in the perfume industry.

Active substances

The leaves of real niaouli are used to make an essential oil. This oil, which is called niaouli oil, contains the following medicinal ingredients: oxides such as 1,8-cineole, monoterpenes including alpha- and betapinene and limonene, monoterpenols in the form of alphaterpineol, and terpinene-1-ol, the sesquiterpenols virdidaflorol and nerolidol and sesquiterpenes, for example: betacaryophyllene.

Niaouli oil for inflammatory diseases

Niaouli oil is an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent. It works against viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. In addition, it has an expectorant effect and reduces inflammation of mucous membranes. Because of these medicinal properties, niaouli oil is used in phytotherapy for the following indications:

  • Acute and chronic bronchitis,
  • Stem niaouli tree / Source: Doug Beckers, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-2.0)

Sinusitis or sinusitis,

  • Rhinopharyngitis or runny nose and sore throat,
  • Genital herpes,
  • Vaginitis or vaginal inflammation,
  • Cervicitis or inflammation of the womb,
  • Urethritis or ureteritis,
  • Prostatitis or prostate inflammation,
  • Viral hepatitis or liver inflammation.

Niaouli oil, tonic for the blood vessels

Niaouli oil is a tonic or tonic for the arteries and blood vessels. This medicinal effect is accompanied by the fact that it has an anti-inflammatory effect. As a result, it can be prescribed in phytotherapy for the following indications:

  • Varicose veins,
  • Hemorrhoids,
  • Arterial wall inflammation.

Niaouli oil for bile and liver

Niaouli oil stimulates the liver cells and is therefore a substance that promotes the functioning of the liver. In addition, it is an oil that prevents the formation of gallbladder stones. Due to these beneficial activities, niaouli oil is prescribed for:

  • Weak liver function,
  • Gallstones.

Dose and safety

  • For respiratory infections, apply five to six drops to a carrier oil three to four times a day. In fact, a carrier oil can be any type of consumable oil as long as it is an organic variety. Examples of carrier oil: grapeseed oil, avocado oil, sunflower oil and olive oil.
  • For skin problems, three drops in a carrier oil is sufficient.

The internal use of essential oil should be avoided or should only be done on the prescription of a recognized professional doctor or herbal therapist. The following applies to niaouli oil: It should be used very sparingly when internally used by pregnant women and children. There are no known side effects with external use, as long as the therapeutic doses described above are adhered to.