Hay fever or allergic rhinitis

Rhinitis is the term used as a scientific name for an inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes. The best-known form of allergic rhinitis is hay fever, which shows symptoms of inflamed nasal mucous membranes, resulting in sneezing and a runny nose. However, there are also other forms of rhinitis, such as chronic rhinitis, which can be caused by dust mites, and non-allergic rhinitis, which does not constitute allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is therefore mainly referred to as a seasonal allergy, such as hay fever.

Allergic rhinitis

Hay fever or allergic rhinitis is a seasonal allergy and starts as soon as the pollen from pollen, trees and plants can spread through the air. On dry and sunny days, people with such an allergy will experience the symptoms of allergic rhinitis, but on rainy days this will be less common. When it rains, the concentration of pollen is considerably less and this will also be noticeable in the symptoms of hay fever. In general, it can be said that the hay fever period extends from February to September, with the peak in May and June, because the grass is in bloom during this period.

Hay fever symptoms

Allergic rhinitis cannot be prevented, but it can be taken into account by purchasing remedies that can limit the symptoms, resulting in fewer physical discomforts. When allergens, such as pollen, enter the nose, an immediate reaction will occur in the nasal mucosa of allergic people. This ultimately causes a runny nose, excessive sneezing and the nose can also become blocked.

Seasonal allergy

Hay fever is an allergy that occurs when the flowering season has started. The flowering season refers to the period in which pollen is released from trees and plants and grass pollen. The degree of complaints depends on the type of weather, because in dry weather the power of pollen will be greater and the complaints will increase.

Complaints and symptoms of hay fever

The signs and symptoms of hay fever can be different for each person, but nasal complaints and eye complaints are the most common.

Nasal complaints

With nasal complaints due to hay fever, there is the feeling of a starting cold that develops rapidly. The mucous membranes of the nose will swell and a lot of sneezing is a common phenomenon. A nagging headache can occur above the eyes and nose due to the inflamed nasal mucous membranes.

Eye complaints

The symptoms that will occur with eye complaints are mainly itching and a burning sensation in the eyes. The whites of the eyes may be red and the eyelids may swell.

Throat, mouth and lungs

In other people, the complaints due to hay fever can occur in the throat, mouth and even in the lungs.
Shortness of breath and coughing are symptoms and in the worst case, asthma can develop.

Skin irritation

In addition to these complaints, skin irritation may also occur, such as swelling of the mouth or face or red itchy bumps, also called hives.

Treatment of allergic rhinitis

There are various products on the market that can be used for allergic rhinitis. These include both regular medicines, for which a prescription from the GP is required, as well as alternative medicines on a homeopathic basis, for example. In allergic rhinitis, histamine is the substance produced in the body in response to outside substances. One of the types of medicines that can be used for this are antihistamines. The purpose and effect of these types of medicines is to block histamine in the body, thereby counteracting the allergic reaction. Other medicines that can be used for local inflammation are anti-inflammatory medicines.

Allergy specialist

There are many people who suffer from allergic rhinitis to a mild or severe extent. In severe cases, allergic rhinitis can have a huge impact on daily life, and in rare cases it can even lead to the development of more serious allergic reactions, such as asthma. If this is the case, it may be advisable to be referred by your GP to an allergy specialist, who can conduct further research into the allergic reaction and cause, and determine a treatment based on this.