Allergy to drugs: Ibuprofen and penicillin

An allergy can occur due to various causes. For example, hay fever is a well-known allergy, just like an allergy to pets, but an allergy can also occur to medicines. For example, an allergy to Ibuprofen and penicillin are typical drug allergies and if these occur, they will always have to be taken into account.

Allergy to Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen is one of the types of painkillers that are available over the counter in low doses from pharmacies or drugstores. Ibuprofen is included in painkillers that are available from different brands, where the amount of active ingredient can vary per type. Well-known types are Brufen, Nurofen and Zafen, but Ibuprofen is also available under the name Ibuprofen from private brands. It is possible that an allergy may develop when taking Ibuprofen. An allergy to Ibuprofen can manifest itself in different ways and if this occurs, it is advisable to immediately stop taking this painkiller.

Side effect or allergy

When using Ibuprofen, side effects may occur, such as stomach and intestinal complaints, but an allergic reaction may also be caused by the active substance. The package leaflet indicates what the side effects of the drug may be. However, if there is an allergy, this can manifest itself in other ways. The allergic reaction that can result from this painkiller is rash and itching. A distinction can therefore be made between the symptoms that occur in the form of side effects or in the form of an allergy.

Symptoms of allergy to Ibuprofen

As briefly mentioned in the room, the symptoms that occur with an allergic reaction are different from the symptoms caused by side effects. In general, with a drug allergy, skin problems are one of the most common symptoms and this also applies to an allergy to Ibuprofen. The skin problems can occur to a lesser extent or to a very severe extent, with the rash and itching spread over the entire body. It can also happen, but fortunately this is rare, that ingestion of the drug Ibuprofen leads to an acute asthma attack.

Alternatives to Ibuprofen

If there is an allergy to Ibuprofen, another remedy will have to be found to use in appropriate cases. If it is clear that the specific substance causes the allergy, a painkiller can be sought that does not contain the substance. If you are allergic to the painkiller, it is advisable to consult your GP so that he or she can indicate which painkillers can be used as an alternative to Ibuprofen. In the event of a severe allergic reaction, it is always advisable to contact your doctor and immediately stop using the painkiller that contains Ibuprofen.

Penicillin allergy

The allergy to penicillin can manifest itself in harmless but annoying symptoms, but possible serious and threatening allergic reactions to the use of penicillin must also be taken into account. The exact data on how many people suffer from a penicillin allergy is unknown. It is certain that there are people who have an allergy to penicillin. This allergic reaction can manifest itself in different forms.

  • There are people who develop skin problems ranging from spots to a rash spread all over the body.
  • However, there are also more serious and even threatening symptoms that can be caused by penicillin use. In that case there is an acute reaction, which can cause hives, but also shortness of breath and even an analytical shock.

The threatening allergy to penicillin only occurs in a limited number of people compared to the less serious complaints.

Determining allergy to penicillin

A skin test is necessary to determine with certainty an allergy to penicillin. Blood tests do not always provide certainty about the degree of allergy. The test can be performed by applying a small amount of penicillin to the skin, and if there is an allergic reaction such as swelling or redness in that area, the conclusion of an allergy can be drawn. If the skin test is positive, there is always a small chance that the use of penicillin could lead to a threatening situation and it is therefore not recommended to use penicillin in that case. However, there are always situations in which the use of penicillin is necessary, but this is handled differently in people with an allergy. The dose of penicillin is slowly increased and if it appears that there are no serious reactions, the dose is gradually increased.

Other allergies with an allergy to penicillin

A limited number of people with an allergy to penicillin also have an allergy to amoxicillin. If this is suspected, a test will also have to be carried out to determine whether this substance also causes an allergic reaction in the person with an allergy to amoxicillin.