Abortion: how does it work

Abortion happens when an unborn baby’s life is ended. About 200 million women become pregnant every year. During the same period, approximately 44 million abortions are performed around the world. Fortunately, abortion rates have fallen because more people, especially in developing countries, are receiving better sex education. Better family planning also leads to fewer abortions.

History of abortion

Abortions have been performed for thousands of years. The ancient Romans and Greeks were not very concerned about the life of the unborn baby. In the Old Testament, women even had to pay a fine if they had a miscarriage. Abortion laws have changed in most of the Western world over the past few centuries.

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Different types of abortion

Spontaneous abortions happen naturally. Doctors call this a miscarriage. This can happen for various reasons, such as an illness that a pregnant woman might get or a terrible event that might happen to her.

The fetus is removed from the pregnant woman’s abdomen in a non-natural way to prevent further pregnancy.

Different methods of performing abortion

In most cases, doctors will perform abortions through surgery. In a common method, the unborn baby is sucked from the mother’s abdomen with a tube. An abortion can also be performed with certain medications. This medicine, which was developed in France, stops the natural hormone preparing for further pregnancy. In some cases, doctors use other methods and means to terminate a pregnancy.

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In most countries abortions are performed within the first three months of pregnancy. Abortions performed at a later stage are riskier and can endanger the health of the pregnant woman.
Unsafe abortions are performed in countries where they are banned or performed by unskilled doctors or medical assistants who do not have proper medical training.

Discussions about abortion

Abortion is an issue that has been discussed for centuries. Doctors, theologians, philosophers and politicians disagree on two issues: Should a mother be allowed to have an abortion and should an unborn child be protected?
Over the course of the 20th century, two groups were formed. Those who are in favor of allowing abortion and those who are strongly opposed to abortion.

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Arguments against abortion

  • Human embryos should have the same rights as ordinary people
  • Killing unborn life is murder
  • A child is a gift from God
  • Abortion has no respect for human life
  • Women who have an abortion can have serious psychological problems later in life

Arguments for abortion

  • Abortion should be allowed when a woman’s life is in danger
  • Some say that abortion should be allowed if a child is expected to be mentally deficient or mentally ill
  • Many doctors and psychologists think that abortion should be allowed if a woman has been raped
  • Everyone should have control over their own body
  • Some young mothers live in poverty and are too young to have a child

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Abortion in countries around the world

While most countries have some form of legalized abortion, which allows a woman to terminate her pregnancy within the first three months, there are other countries that ban abortion completely. Including, for example, Malta, Chile, El Salvador and Nicaragua.

In Ireland, abortion is illegal except in situations where a mother’s life is in danger. As a result, thousands of Irish women are traveling to British clinics and hospitals to have an abortion.

Overpopulation in Asia has led to the legalization of abortion. Some countries even offer it for free. In China, the government has had a one-child policy for three decades, and health authorities encourage women to have an abortion when they are pregnant for the second time. Abortion is more commonly performed if the fetus turns out to be female. In 1973, the United States reached a milestone. The decision of the US Supreme Court made abortion legal in all US states.

Abortion and religion

The Roman Catholic Church has the strictest stance on abortion. It is against it if the life of an unborn child ends in any way. They argue that human life must be respected from the start.

Islam considers abortion to be wrong, but allows it to be performed on the woman if it is for medical reasons.

Buddhists believe that life should not be destroyed and do not practice abortion. However, modern Buddhism is very divided on this issue.

After an abortion

Many women deal with serious problems after an abortion. They suffer from negative feelings, depression and often have nightmares. They often experience a range of mixed emotions. In some cases, they may never become pregnant again.

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