What is the chance of death with different cancer types?

Cancer has been the primary cause of death among both men and women for decades, with approximately one hundred thousand new cases occurring every year. A significant group of people develop cancer due to the influence of free radicals, solar radiation, smoking, alcohol, but also genetic abnormalities. Although good results are being achieved in successfully treating cancer, the disease is the main cause of death for many people. Which forms of cancer do Dutch citizens mainly die from and how do the death percentages compare?

Risk of death from cancer types

  • Difference between malignant and benign
  • The digestive tract
  • Organs and glands
  • Gender-related cancer
  • Other diseases
  • All cancer types at a glance

Difference between malignant and benign

Cancer is the proliferation of tissues in which cells divide in an unusual way. It is divided into a good and malignant variant called benign and malignant. In the case of benign, the cells also divide too rapidly, but surrounding tissue is not affected. There is a tumor, which puts excessive pressure on surrounding tissue, resulting in complaints. If this is removed, it will be restored immediately. In the case of malignant disease, there is an increasing risk that other parts of the body will be affected. This requires rapid intervention, removing the cancer and/or initiating chemotherapy and radiation. Both forms are fatal, but in the case of benign, recovery is evident after a surgical procedure, while in the case of malignant there is still a high risk of death.

Category

men / 1997

men / 2012

women / 1997

women / 2012

Total amount

67,243 100%

67,907 100%

68,540 100%

72,906 100%

New formation, benign

494 0.73%

614 0.90%

460 0.67%

670 0.92%

New formation, malignant

20,420 30.37%

23,543 34.67%

16,713 24.38%

19,834 27.20%

The digestive tract

Food and drink that we ingest is transported via the throat and esophagus to the stomach and intestines, where it is digested. The substances ingested affect the condition of the mucous membrane and can divide incorrectly if excessively triggered. Consider the intake of structurally excessive amounts of alcohol. It results in the malignant variant, which mainly causes death from stomach and colon cancer:

Clinical picture

       

Lip, mouth, throat*

304 0.45%

408 0.60%

155 0.23%

221 0.30%

Esophagus

689 1.02%

1,289 1.90%

336 0.49%

448 0.61%

Stomach

1,057 1.57%

827 1.22%

684 1.00%

534 0.73%

Colon

1,640 2.44%

2,089 3.08%

1,721 2.51%

2,016 2.77%

Rectum and rectum

501 0.75%

716 1.05%

412 0.60%

553 0.76%

* may also be respiratory/smoking related

Organs and glands

Our body contains a large number of organs and glands that process food, supply us with oxygen-rich blood (lungs) with energy and control many important processes. Consider the purification of the blood through the spleen and liver or the removal of waste products through the gallbladder or urinary bladder. What are the main causes of death within this group?:

Clinical picture

men / 1997

men / 2012

women / 1997

women / 2012

Liver and bile ducts

168 0.25%

387 0.57%

131 0.19%

237 0.33%

Gall bladder

113 0.17%

136 0.20%

250 0.36%

207 0.28%

Pancreas

776 1.15%

1,308 1.93%

965 1.41%

1,260 1.73%

Larynx

199 0.30%

163 0.24%

51 0.07%

47 0.06%

Trachea and lungs

6,730 10.01%

6,324 9.31%

1,889 2.76%

3,998 5.48%

Kidney

493 0.73%

620 0.91%

348 0.51%

357 0.49%

Urinary bladder

724 1.08%

853 1.26%

330 0.48%

394 0.54%

Within this group, it is striking that cancer of the trachea and lungs constitutes the majority. Smoking and inhaling harmful substances should therefore be avoided as much as possible. So stop to significantly improve life expectancy.

Gender-related cancer

Because men and women have different sexual characteristics, there are also types of cancer related to them. Consider the larger breast in women or the enlarged prostate gland in men. Several sex-related characteristics are susceptible to tumor formation, which can also potentially kill the man or woman. The following distinction is made:

Clinical picture

men / 1997

men / 2012

women / 1997

women / 2012

Chest

35 0.05%

33 0.05%

3,574 5.21%

3,197 4.39%

Cervix

234 0.34%

215 0.29%

Uterine body

370 0.54%

455 0.62%

Ovary

986 1.44%

1,028 1.41%

Prostate

2,367 3.52%

2,566 3.78%

Please note that men can also get breast cancer, but the proportion is very limited compared to women.

Other diseases

In addition to the previous diseases, there are other types of cancer such as blood cancer or bone marrow cancer. Skin cancer is also common, but in most cases complete recovery can be achieved with timely intervention.

Clinical picture

men / 1997

men / 2012

women / 1997

women / 2012

Skin cancer

228 0.34%

477 0.70%

202 0.29%

316 0.43%

Lymph node and blood cancer*

1,489 2.21%

1,808 2.66%

1,415 2.06%

1,384 1.90%

Other

2,907 4.32%

3,539 5.21%

2,660 3.88%

2,967 4.07%

* This includes cancers such as Kahler’s disease, Waldenström’s disease, (non-)Hodgkin’s lymphoma, etc.

All cancer types at a glance

Overview of cancer deaths / Source: Http://geinformeerd.infoteur.nl

Cancer is so far the most important cause of death in our country for 34.7% of men and 27.2% of women. Within this group, trachea or lung cancer is the most common cause of death. For men, it is the reason for death in 9.31% of men and 5.48% of women of all deaths. It is also striking that the share of female lung cancer deaths has increased sharply in recent years, caused by the emancipated group of smoking women from the 1970s and 1980s. Furthermore, prostate, breast, colon and lymph node cancer and blood cancer are important reasons why people die. See the figure shown for a comparison. Please note that the deaths are expressed as percentages of the total number of deaths of the group of men and women in our country per year.

read more

  • What is the risk of death from respiratory disease?
  • What is the risk of death from cardiovascular disease?
  • What are the main reasons for death in the Netherlands?
  • Life expectancy after cancer treatment
  • How can you prevent cancer?