Erysipelas (Wandrose)

Dandruff is an inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue of the skin caused by bacteria (group A streptococci). The medical term for erysipelas is erysipelas.


  • Dandruff
  • Symptoms
  • Therapy
  • Tips and advice
  • Table


The skin becomes shiny red, and is thick and painful. It is most common on the lower legs, but it can also occur on the arms and/or face. Dandruff (also called bell dandruff) can also occur with surgical scars. Very occasionally blisters develop that turn dark red with blood in them. People with thicker ankles and legs are more sensitive to erysipelas than other people.


  • High fever
  • Cold shivers
  • A sick feeling
  • Headache
  • Vomit

Sometimes the consequences are so bad that it can lead to the death of the deeper layers of the skin. The bacteria spread to the nerves, meninges, kidneys, hearing or other organs.


You should lie with your leg elevated to avoid swelling. Further, you need to wrap a cold cloth on the inflamed areas of the leg. Very important is bed rest and taking antibiotics or penicillin. If the erysipelas comes back, it can also help to use Betadine scrub (a germicide).

Tips and advice

  • Wear gloves when doing housework and gardening
  • If you are stung by an insect, do not try to scratch it, but use an insect repellent
  • Ensure good skin hygiene, also regularly lubricate dry skin to prevent rough skin and cracks
  • When removing hair, use depilatory cream instead of razor blades; if a wound occurs, disinfect it with a disinfectant cream
  • Daily cleaning of the toes and the spaces between them


Name and cause


Preferred location

Other symptoms


Degree of occurrence


Sharply defined redness, painful on palpation, warm and persistent, sometimes blisters

The face or lower legs

high fever, chills, general malaise, headache and vomiting

Relapses easily, sometimes leading to necrotizing fasciitis