Sinusitis: symptoms and treatment

With a sinus infection, the lining of one or more cavities in the bones around the nose is infected. This often causes the mucous membranes in the nose to swell and block the drainage of mucus and possibly pus from the sinuses. The inflammation can then cause a lot of pain around the eyes and cheeks and you can get a fever. Sometimes it is also accompanied by earache or toothache. For fever and pain, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. To prevent sinusitis as much as possible, it is important to ensure good condition by eating and drinking well every day and exercising sufficiently, preferably in the open air.

Sinusitis

  • Sinuses, what are they and how do they work?
  • Sinusitis or Sinusitis
  • Symptoms of sinusitis
  • Sinus infection, what can you do yourself?
  • How to Use a Rhino Horn
  • Going to the doctor with a sinus infection?

Sinuses, what are they and how do they work?

Cavities in the bones around the nose are called sinuses. They are connected to the nasal cavities by small openings. When you are healthy, air flows freely in and out of the sinuses and mucus from the sinuses is drained into the nasal passages.

Sinusitis or Sinusitis

With a sinus infection, the lining of one or more cavities is infected. The infection can be caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi . Most often, sinusitis is caused by the common cold . Furthermore, an allergy can also be the cause of a sinus infection. If the mucous membranes in the nose also swell, they can clog the drainage tubes of the cavities, preventing mucus and pus from leaving the cavities. The accumulating pressure in the cavities causes pain, the inflammation itself can also cause pain .

Symptoms of sinusitis

  • Pain around the eyes, cheeks and forehead
  • Fever
  • Obstructed breathing through the nose
  • Sometimes toothache or earache
  • Sometimes migraine-like complaints.

Sinus infection, what can you do yourself?

  • Bend your head forward as little as possible, this usually increases the pain.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to thin the mucus
  • Blow your nose carefully
  • Take a painkiller
  • Ensure an even temperature, cold and wind do not feel pleasant!
  • Steam with a cloth over your head or apply warm compresses
  • Drip or spray nasal cavity with salt water
  • Consult with your doctor if using antihistamines. Antihistamines dry out the nose and thicken the mucus.

How to Use a Rhino Horn

ENT doctors promote the use of a Rhino Horn to rinse the nasal and sinus cavities with salt. This can be done daily and safely rinses snot and crusts from the nose. The saline solution is made yourself with lukewarm tap water and salt (without iodine and herbs in it). After the one-time purchase of the nasal douche, this is a cheap, safe and easy way to rinse the nasal cavity with salt.

Going to the doctor with a sinus infection?

First you can try to reduce the complaints with the above advice. It is also wise to ensure sufficient rest and good nutrition . If your resistance is good, your body can sometimes tackle the inflammation itself. However, if you have a fever above 38 degrees Celsius and the pain does not go away or keeps coming back, then it is really time to go to the doctor. The doctor will probably prescribe a course of antibiotics lasting 7 to 14 days.

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  • Colds and coughs, prevention and treatment