Psychotropic drugs: drugs or medicine

Psychotropic drugs are drugs that affect the central nervous system. They are prescribed for certain psychological conditions, such as depression. Some of these substances are also used as drugs and are addictive.


Psychotropic drugs are drugs that affect the central nervous system. They are given for mental disorders and illnesses. In the past, these drugs were often taboo, and the side effects were also much stronger. Nowadays the side effects are not so strong anymore. In certain conditions, such as depression, these medications are effective in combination with psychotherapy. In other cases, other forms of therapy such as exercise therapy or creative therapy are very beneficial. Some of these drugs can be highly addictive, which is why correct dosage and guidance from a doctor is also very important.


Antipsychotics or neuroleptics are drugs that have a sedative effect and are also antipsychotic. These medicines do not sedate, so the patient does not feel sleepy. However, activity can decrease significantly, and sometimes the patient even becomes apathetic. Fears, tensions and feelings of restlessness decrease with this drug. The patient’s delusions often persist, but the patient experiences them as less tormenting for himself.


The antidepressants have a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. This is due to the active ingredients that increase serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. This group includes clomipramine, amitryptiline and imipramine. Antidepressants are often used for depression. But antidepressants are also prescribed for anxiety disorders and eating disorders. The antidepressants start to work after two to four weeks. The antidepressants actually work in about 70 percent of patients. In the first two to four weeks, the complaints may worsen, and drowsiness and fatigue may develop. The side effects usually disappear after this period. Antidepressants are sometimes taken for years in a row.


These remedies have a calming effect on anxiety and tension. They do not have anti-psychotic properties. Anxiolytics also do not cause apathy, as is the case with antipsychotics. Anxiolytics are also known as tranquilizers. This drug affects driving ability and in combination with alcohol has a very unfavorable effect. When this drug is used for a long period of time, psychological dependence develops. Well-known drugs include diazepam and oxazepam.

Sleeping aids

Sleeping pills have a quick and short onset of action. At a low dose, a sleeping pill has a sedative effect. At the right dosage, a sleeping pill has a hypnotic effect. At a high dose, a sleeping pill has a narcotic effect. A sleeping pill can become addictive if used for long periods of time.


These also have a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. The body’s own wake-up amine is adrenaline. The first wekamine came onto the market in 1927. This was known as Benzedrine. Amphetamines now form the most important group of wekamines. The effect is known to be a reduced feeling of fatigue, reduced sleep and increased motor activity. Wekamine is often also used for its euphoric effect, in the form of dope or speed. Drivers and students sometimes use pep pills that contain amphetamine. The user does not need sleep or food as a result of using this drug. The teeth often fall out as a result of using this.


This drug provides intense experience and perception effects. It is often also used as a drug, such as LSD or mescaline. A hallucinogen is also called a mind-expanding drug. These can also be addictive.