Swelling of the skin

Swelling can arise from various causes. A bump occurs after a blow or bump. An atheroma cyst is also called a papular tumor or a fatty tumor. There are other types of growths. When there is swelling you can see that the tissue becomes thicker. The skin is usually raised and sometimes feels warm.


Swelling is the local thickening of tissue. Swelling can arise from various causes. What one sees with swelling is that the affected tissue becomes thicker. This thickening can be caused by pus, pus, blood or fluid accumulating behind the tissue. But tissue that grows uncontrollably can also cause swelling. Swelling does not always need to be treated, it depends on the type of swelling. Sometimes swelling is completely harmless, but sometimes it can also be life-threatening.


A bump occurs after a blow or bump. This damages the blood vessels and causes fluid to escape. This fluid accumulates under the tissue. After a few days, the fluid is reabsorbed into the bloodstream. The swelling also disappears. If necessary, ice can be placed on the spot immediately after the blow. This will make the swelling less severe.

Atheromatous cyst

An atheroma cyst is also called a papular tumor or a fatty tumor. This is caused by the drainage duct of a sebaceous gland being closed. This causes the sebaceous gland to swell and the tumor fills with a greasy paste. The lump can differ in size: from 1 centimeter to the size of a fist. An atheroma cyst usually occurs behind the earlobe or on the hairy scalp. Atheromatous cysts cannot develop on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet because they do not contain sebaceous glands. The blocked sebaceous gland can be removed under local anesthesia. Sometimes an abscess develops due to a secondary infection.


Edema is caused by fluid accumulation. You can recognize whether there is edema by the fact that a dot remains in the skin after pressing on it. Edema is a swelling of the tissues due to increased fluid around the cells. Edema is sometimes treated with a salt-free diet or diuretics to get rid of the extra fluid.


Swelling can occur due to inflammation. White blood cells and dead bacteria are pushed out and accumulate under the tissue. This creates pus. Eventually the swelling breaks through and the pus comes out. The swelling can also be broken by a doctor, but only after it has matured.


A fracture after a fall or impact can cause the tissue to swell. The area around the fracture becomes tender and swells. Rest the bone immediately by not moving anymore. A bone fracture usually needs to be treated. Plaster gives the bone rest so that it can recover. Sometimes surgery is necessary and the bone fracture is repaired with metal pins or plates.


The uncontrolled growth of tissue is called a tumor. This can be benign or malignant (cancer). Often one cannot see much on the outside of the body when there is a tumor, but sometimes there is a tumor that is clearly visible. Swelling that occurs without an explainable reason should therefore always be checked by a doctor. These swellings often do not cause pain. Sometimes a discoloration of the skin also occurs.

If you have any doubts about a tumor, always consult a doctor.