1% of 10 to 18 year olds have Anorexia, of which 10% die from exhaustion or suicide. Eating disorders are terrible for the patient but also for the people around them. The annoying thing is that the patient has no idea that he or she is ill. An eating disorder is a problem in your mind that causes you to only think about food.
Types of eating disorders
There are four types of eating disorders:
- Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
- Orthorexia Nervosa
Anorexia is the most well-known form of an eating disorder. If you have anorexia, you are very afraid of becoming fat. That’s why you eat very little and don’t care about your hunger. If you have anorexia, you will often not eat more per day than you promised yourself. Anorexia is actually an addiction to losing weight…
If you have Bulimia, you often suffer from massive binge eating. During a binge, you eat a lot of food without tasting it. Bulimia is basically an addiction to food.
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
Just like with Bulimia, you often suffer from binge eating, but you are not hungry but you eat because you don’t feel well. Because BED is very similar to Bulimia, only Bulimia will be discussed further.
When you have BED, you eat because you feel guilty or unwell.
Orthorexia is a new type of eating disorder. With this species you are only concerned with healthy eating. You slowly stop eating fish and meat and your diet consists only of fruit and vegetables. It is a dangerous disorder because your intestines cannot handle it well. Orthorexia is an addiction to healthy eating.
Anyone can experience an eating disorder. Yet most disorders begin when boys and girls enter puberty. They are extremely sensitive to what others think about them. And especially during puberty when the body changes so much, many people will start to feel insecure. It is mainly girls who are faced with an eating disorder. This is because it is much more important for girls to stay slim than boys. If they become a little too fat, they will start dieting, which can later develop into an eating disorder.
A lot of research is still being done into the causes of an eating disorder, but in any case it is not one cause that causes an eating disorder.
The following causes can cause an eating disorder:
Everyone should be slim
Television and magazines often only feature slim and beautiful people. Now it is true that not everyone is slim, and that is why many people often feel insecure about their appearance. To look like all these slim models, people diet, and this can turn into an eating disorder.
Dieting makes the feeling of hunger disappear
Many dieters try to eat as little as possible, thereby ignoring the feeling of hunger that occurs when they have not eaten for a while. If they keep doing this, the body no longer knows when you really need food. This causes you to eat far too little or too much and therefore you have an eating disorder.
The character says something about someone’s personality. An anorexia patient has a very precise character, he or she always wants to do everything right. This person also always looks at someone else and therefore often does not feel good enough. Bulimia patients often have no control over what they are doing. As a result, they sometimes eat without actually realizing it.
React by eating
Everyone alive will face problems. Normal people will solve these problems and then leave them behind. But there are people who suppress these problems by eating. They start to fill themselves with unhealthy and often fatty food to forget about their problems. There are also people who stop eating. This can also cause eating disorders.
Eating disorders can also arise because of shocking events. For example, the death of a family member or a car accident. Because something bad suddenly happens, these people cannot quickly process the sadness or fear and they start or stop eating.
Finally, an eating disorder may be a congenital disease. This means that one of your parents or grandparents also suffered from an eating disorder. But a lot of research is still being done into this cause.
The physical consequences
An eating disorder is a serious illness. Malnutrition, underweight, overweight and binge eating cause the body to become extremely confused, and many physical complaints can arise as a result.
Many eating disorders involve vomiting and/or using laxatives to get rid of food. Because this leaves too few minerals and vitamins in the body, these people can develop heart rhythm disorders and muscle cramps. Laxatives also make the intestines lazy, and they can stop working on their own. Because hormones no longer work properly, menstruation stops. As a result, these people may no longer be able to have children.
- You become very thin.
- You get cold feet.
- Your breathing & heart rate become slower.
- Your hair falls out and your teeth may fall out.
- Your skin becomes saggy and flaky.
- You can die [exhaustion]
- You get a very big stomach.
- Because you keep vomiting, the quality of your teeth becomes increasingly poor.
- Your voice becomes hoarse, and your mouth hurts.
- You suffer from anemia.
- You become exhausted and may even die.
- You get dizzy.
- You will have dental problems.
- Your kidneys and liver get worse.
- You are always tired.
- Your hair falls out and you get menstrual problems
- Anorexia Nervosa occurs in 5600 Dutch people.
- 1300 Anorexia patients are added every year.
- 90% of Anorexia patients are women.
- 1% of 10 to 18 year old Dutch people have Anorexia.
- 50% of Anorexia patients are depressed
- 10% of Anorexia patients die from suicide or exhaustion.
- Sisi [Queen of Austria] was the first woman known to suffer from Anorexia.
- Pro Ana is an association with people who consider anorexia patients as “beautiful people”. They encourage these people to lose even more weight.
- Many models are Anorexia Patients.