Everything about Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia, 4% of 70 year old people have this condition. The condition mainly occurs in older people. What is the life of an Alzheimer’s patient like? What can the people around the patient expect? What can you do to prevent Alzheimer’s?

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder in which certain brain cells age and shrink at an accelerated pace and eventually die. It is still not known why this happens, but there are a number of different theories about the origins of Alzheimer’s. The loss of brain cells causes memory disorders and the patient deteriorates. The loss of brain cells mainly occurs on the outside of the brain. As a result, everything slowly deteriorates. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common forms of dementia. It almost never occurs in people under the age of 60, usually less than 1%. In people who are already around 70 years old, the percentage has already risen to 4% and in people over 90 it is already 40%. The life expectancy of people with Alzheimer’s ranges from 6 to 10 years from the first symptoms.

The factors that stimulate Alzheimer’s disease

  • Age: from the age of 60, the risk doubles every 5 years.
  • Occurrence in the family: 3 times the risk if it runs in the family.
  • Female gender: 3 times as much risk as men
  • Accidents to the brain: not always the case
  • Depression: Depression increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease
  • Down Syndrome: At the age of 35, they all develop Alzheimer’s disease
  • Nutrition: poor nutrition can also increase the risk.

But of course there are also various factors that can protect you against Alzheimer’s disease. Higher education, rheumatoid arthritis medications, exercise, memory training and of course a healthy diet can reduce the chances of Alzheimer’s.

The course of the disease

Alzheimer’s disease progresses in 4 stages. Stage 4 is the end stage, the patient can only lie down, pass all his stools and can no longer eat or drink. Ultimately, it will be fatal for the Alzheimer’s patient.

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4 [Final Stage]

1/2 – 2 years

2-3 years

3-8 years

> 6 years

Interests are lost

insight is lost

can perform actions poorly

Can’t do anything anymore

Less good at concentrating

Judgment is lost

Speech is lost

Can’t move anymore

start loss memory

 

Aggressiveness [sometimes]

Loses body control

     

Dies

Therapy

When Alzheimer’s has been diagnosed, the patient will have to go to the hospital every six months for a check-up in the initial phase. The decline is then examined. It is also possible to go to “Alzheimer’s cafes” or to register the patient with various foundations. There are no medications yet that can cure Alzheimer’s, but the patient can be given drugs to, for example, reduce aggression and slightly reduce the speed of deterioration. The annoying thing is that this again has numerous side effects, and a lot of patients do not take any medication.