It is not always clear whether sport contributes to a pregnancy or can hinder a good pregnancy. Much depends on the situation and the condition of the pregnant woman. But, with the right precautions, there is no reason not to exercise during pregnancy. And on the contrary…
In top condition
Women who are in top condition and who often exercised before pregnancy should certainly not refrain from doing so during pregnancy. Especially in the first months of pregnancy, it will be easy to exercise. It is of course true that one should not become too tired, as pregnancy itself requires a lot of energy. Women in very good condition will also experience a higher degree of fatigue when exercising or will be able to exercise for a shorter period of time.
Women who exercised regularly before pregnancy may continue to follow the same training schedule during the first trimester of pregnancy. Women who did not exercise are recommended to start a balanced fitness program in the second trimester of pregnancy.
Sports and pregnancy ailments
Several studies have already shown that sport is good for combating the most important pregnancy ailments. For example, women who exercise during pregnancy suffer less from the typical nausea. Also reduce cramps and back pain by exercising and maintaining good fitness. Many pregnant women suffer from excessive fatigue without exerting effort, and this should also be reduced by exercising.
Sports and childbirth
Childbirth takes a lot of energy and it goes without saying that good fitness can only contribute to a smooth delivery. A woman in good condition will also recover noticeably faster after giving birth than a woman who remained passive throughout the pregnancy. That is why specific exercises are also important to ensure a successful delivery and recovery afterwards.
Sports and the baby
Tests have already been done on babies of women who actively practiced sports during pregnancy compared to babies of women who did not participate in sports. It was clearly shown that a newborn born to a fit mother scored higher on average on the Apgar score than a newborn born to an inactive mother. The Apgar test gives an impression of the general condition of a newborn baby. This checks the following criteria:
- Pulse and heart rate
- Muscle tone
- Color of the skin
- Response to stimuli
The condition of the newborn baby is monitored based on the score on this test. If you know that each item is scored from 0 to 2, then a healthy baby has between 7 and 10 points and less than 4 points requires medical assistance. Newborns of active mothers get a higher score on these tests.
Sporting Guidelines during pregnancy
Of course, as always during pregnancy, it is important to listen to the body. If you feel pain somewhere, this is a clear sign and should be taken into account more than ever. Therefore, the following guidelines are very important:
- Drink enough
- Wear comfortable clothing
- Preferably do not exercise in hot weather
- Do not do exercises in the supine position in the third trimester
Of course, it is not about sports where you can fall or hurt yourself. That is why skiing, horse riding, martial arts and ball sports are not allowed.
Alarm signs during or after exercise
If you notice any of the following warning signs during and after exercise, you should stop immediately and consult a doctor:
- Severe back pain
- Shortness of breath
- Muscle weakness
- Vomiting and headache
- Vaginal blood or water loss
- Pain in the pubic area
- It is also important that the unborn baby continues to move
If you take these guidelines into account and, above all, listen to your own body, then sport and pregnancy are a very good combination.